You probably open and close your garage door more times than any other door in your house. Although your garage door should last for years, constant use, stress, and tension eventually wear out the door's moving parts - especially the springs. When your garage door springs break, the door will stall altogether.
Here's a simple guide to garage door springs and what to do when they are not functioning as they ought to.
Types of Garage Door Springs
There are two types of garage door springs - extension and torsion springs. You are more likely to find extension springs on older garage doors. These type of springs stretch when you lower the door, and their stored energy helps to lift the garage door up.
Modern garage doors feature torsion springs located right above the door. They work better and are safer than extension springs. Torsion springs store energy when the door is closed and release the power to lift the door upward.
Both spring systems work through a network of cables and pulleys. A malfunction in any of the system's components will prevent the garage door from operating safely and efficiently.
Extension Spring Systems
If your garage door runs on extension springs, you can either have the broken springs replaced with new extension springs or your garage door technician could install the more efficient torsion spring system.
Extension systems are particularly dangerous when the spring is bungled. It is common for broken springs to fly loose and cause injuries, sometimes fatal. It is for this reason that repairing a broken spring, especially without expert assistance, can be a safety hazard.
To minimize the inherent danger from loose springs, modern extension springs come with a safety cable, which helps to reduce chances of a broken spring projecting out at dangerously high speeds.
Torsion Spring Systems
Most garage doors with torsion springs use a one-spring system which works sufficiently for lighter doors. When the spring is broken, you can either replace it with a new one or install a double-spring system. A double spring system has greater lifting power, especially if you have a heavy garage door.
If your garage door already has two or more torsion springs, then you can replace only the malfunctioned spring or all the springs. Your best bet is to replace all the springs at once because it is likely that another spring will break, forcing you to go through the trouble of repairing your garage door again.
What to Do When Your Garage Door Spring Breaks
If you notice that your garage door closes fast and erratically, the top panels of the door are bent, or hear a loud bang from your garage, then your spring system is most likely to blame.
A broken garage door spring system is extremely dangerous, and you should never attempt to fix it on your own or repair a broken spring. Only a professional garage door technician is qualified to assess your garage door and install new springs.
The technician will safely power off your garage door, identify the right replacement springs for your type of door, complete the installation, wind up the springs, lubricate the door, and test the new springs to ensure they work safely and efficiently.
It is critical that you only work with a trusted garage door contractor to check and fix your garage doors problems to ensure that your family is safe from the dangers of a stalled garage door.
Contact our experienced experts at Chapman's Garage Doors, Inc for an initial consultation, expert advice, and professional services in Corpus Christi and the Southern Texas region.